广告位
首页 大学英语 大学英语四级写作常见结构性错误

大学英语四级写作常见结构性错误

大学英语中我们时常会见到结构性错误,在使用修饰语时,我们要注意它们同主语的呼应,不可使其无所依附,或错误依附,从而造成悬垂修饰。下面可以通过两种方式对含有悬垂修饰语的句子进行修改,…

大学英语中我们时常会见到结构性错误,在使用修饰语时,我们要注意它们同主语的呼应,不可使其无所依附,或错误依附,从而造成悬垂修饰。下面可以通过两种方式对含有悬垂修饰语的句子进行修改,我们一起看看吧~

����Ӣ����ѵ

  ① 修改主语,使主句主语等同于修饰语的逻辑主语;

  ② 修改修饰语,把修饰语变成一个从句。

  一、成分缺失

  英语句子中有六个基本句式:

  (1)S+V主谓结构

  (2)S+V+O主谓宾结构

  (3)S+V+P主谓表结构

  (4)S+V+O1+O2主谓双宾语结构

  (5)S+V+O+C主谓宾补结构

  (6)There be结构

  原句:At present,it is very common that marriage across the nations

  修正:At present,it is very common to find marriage across the nations.

  原句:If they from different countries,they will have different living habits.

  修正:If they are from different countries,they will have different living habits.

  原句:If continue,there is no room and no resources left for more people in the future.

  修正:If this continues,there is no room and no resources left for more people in the future.

  二、悬垂修饰错误

  修饰语的作用是描述其他的词,从而起到修饰、限定、强调或解释的作用。因此,修饰语与它们所描述的词之间关系紧密,这种关系对于考生来说十分清楚;当修饰语和句子中其他词之间的关系不是特别清楚时,这种修饰语被称之为悬垂修饰。当用分词、不定式、介词短语、动名词或省略句作修饰语时,考生受汉语影响,其作文中常会出现悬垂现象。使用时,要注意它们同主语的呼应,不可使其无所依附,或错误依附,从而造成悬垂修饰。可以通过两种方式对含有悬垂修饰语的句子进行修改:

  ① 修改主语,使主句主语等同于修饰语的逻辑主语;

  ② 修改修饰语,把修饰语变成一个从句。

  原句:To finish the work in time,the machine is kept running all the time.

  修正:To finish the work in time,we kept the machine running all the time.

  原句:Looking out of the window,the grassland stretch as far as the eye can reach.

  修正:Looking out of the window,I can see the grassland stretch as far as the eye can reach.

  原句:Having heard the terrible news,his heart beat fast.

  修正:When he heard the terrible news,his heart beat fast.

  原句:At the age of ten,my grandmother died.

  修正:When I was at ten,my grandmother died.

  原句:To get ready for the trip,all the things she needed were put into a suitcase.

  修正:To get ready for the trip,she put all the things she needed into a suitcase.

  三、一致性错误

  英语句子的一致性包括主谓一致,人称、时态、语态和数等的一致,以及句子成分前后的语法和逻辑性的一致。

  原句:“Six chairs” are not correct here.

  修正:“Six chairs” is not correct here.(如果主语为引语,谓语动词要用单数。)

  原句:Politics are more difficult than physics.

  修正:Politics is more difficult than physics.

  原句:Whether or not we'll go to Beijing have not been decided yet.

  修正:Whether or not we'll go to Beijing has not been decided yet.

  原句:Sometimes the wealthy also needs help.

  修正:Sometimes the wealthy also need help.

  原句:When I was in high school,you never knew what to expect.

  修正:When I was in high school,I never knew what to expect.

  原句:I was extremely sorry you are injured.

  修正:I am extremely sorry you are injured.

  原句:In high school we worked more as a group than as an individual.

  修正:In high school we worked more as groups than as individuals.

  原句:His job was a policeman.

  修正:He was a policeman.

  四、并列结构误用

  原句:Before I selected the new course,my teacher warned me of the difficulty of the course and of its length.

  修正:Before I selected the new course,my teacher warned me how difficult the course was and how long it lasted.

  原句:We asked the store manager to show us a gift that was inexpensive,useful and looked nice.

  修正:We asked the store manager to show us a gift that was inexpensive,useful and nice looking.

果你想更深层次地提高你的英语水平,现在报名在线英语培训,填写右上角“马上免费报名”表格,获海量英语学习秘籍 ,每天两小时,免费在线学英语哦!

本文来自网络,不代表一鸣英语网立场。转载请注明出处: http://www.chinesemfc.org/dxyy/5875/
上一篇
下一篇

作者: admin

为您推荐

发表评论

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

联系我们

联系我们

0898-88881688

在线咨询: QQ交谈

邮箱: email@wangzhan.com

工作时间:周一至周五,9:00-17:30,节假日休息

关注微信
微信扫一扫关注我们

微信扫一扫关注我们

关注微博
返回顶部