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2015年高考英语语法之反义疑问句​用法

      在2015年各地英语高考的答题技巧中,英语语法的技…

      在2015年各地英语高考的答题技巧中,英语语法的技巧显得尤为重要,而且一些英语基础不是很牢固的同学就很容易在语法的考核中失分。今天,阿卡索外教网的老师就整理了2015年高考英语语法之反义疑问句用法,希望在你对高考英语答题时候有所犹豫的时候做出正确的选择。如果你想了解更多的英语资料,不妨也可以尝试我们的在线英语培训和在线英语阅读吧!

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      1.当陈述部分的主语是I,而句子又用来征询对方的意见时,附加疑问句中的主语用you。如:

  I find English very interesting, don’t you?

  I don’t like that film, do you?

  2.当陈述部分的主语是everybody, everyone, someone, nobody, no one,
somebody等合成代词时,附加疑问句中的主语通常用they。但亦可用he,尤其是nobody, no one等作主语,具有否定概念时。如:

  Somebody phoned while I was out, didn’t they?

  Everyone enjoyed the party, didn’t they?

  Nobody wants to go there, does he?

  3.当陈述部分的主语是不定代词everything, nothing, anything, something时,附加
疑问句中的主语一般用it,不用they。如:

  Everything seems all right now, doesn’t it?

  Nothing is kept in good order, is it?

  Something must be done to stop pollution, isn’t it?

  4.当陈述部分的主语是指示代词this, that或these, those时,附加疑问句中的主语分别用it和they。如:

  This is important, isn’t it?

  That isn’t correct, is it?

  These are your friends Tom and Jack, aren’t they?

  5.如果陈述部分是以代词one作主语,附加疑问句中的主语在正式场合用one,非正式场合用you,在美国英语中,在非正式场合还可以用he。如:

  One can’t be too careful, can one?或can you?

  One should do his duty, shouldn’t he?

  6.如果陈述部分用I’m…结构,附加疑问部分一般用aren’t I。如:

  I am strong and healthy aren’t I。

  7.当陈述句为there be结构时,附加疑问句中的主语也用there。如:

  There’s no help for it, is there?

  There’s something wrong, isn’t there?

  8.陈述部分带有seldom, hardly, never, rarely, few, little,nowhere,
nothing等否定词或半否定词时,附加疑问部分的动词用肯定形式。如:

  Bob rarely got drunk, did he?

  Few people know him, do they?

  She seldom goes to the cinema, does she?

  如果陈述部分的否定词带有否定前缀,那么,该陈述部分作肯定处理,附加疑问部分一般仍用否定形式。如:

  He was unsuccessful, wasn’t he?

  Tom dislikes the book, doesn’t he?

  9.当陈述部分为主从复合句时,附加疑问部分一般应与主句的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系。如:

  She says that I did it, doesn’t she?

  I told them not everybody could do it ,didn’t I?

  但当陈述部分的主语是I,谓语是think, believe, suppose,
expect这类动词时,附加疑问部分则往往与从句中的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系,但要注意否定的转移。

  I suppose that he’s serious isn’t he?

  I don’t think she cares, does she?

  10.当陈述部分是并列句,附加疑问句则需和就近的分句的主语和谓语一致。如:

  Xiao Lin has been writing letters all afternoon but he should finish them
now, shouldn’t he?

  11.在由“祈使句+附加疑问”构成的附加疑问句中,附加疑问部分一般用will you, won’t you, would you,有时也可用can
you, can’t you, why don’t you, could you等。如:

  Don’t open the door, will you?

  Give me some cigarettes, can you?

  Take a rest, why don’t you?

  但是,以let’s开头的祈使句,附加疑问部分用shall we;以let us开头的祈使句,如果含义是allow
us,不包括听话人在内,疑问部分用will you。如:

  Let’s have a basketball match this afternoon, shall we?

  Let us go out for a rest, will you?

  12.当陈述部分带有情态动词must表示“必须”时,疑问部分用mustn’t。如:

  You must work hard next term, mustn’t you?

  I must answer the letter, mustn’t I?

  但若表推测这层含义时,不能用must,而要根据陈述部分的不定式结构(即must之后的动词)以及含义采用相应的动词形式。如:

  You must have made a mistake, haven’t you?

  They must have seen the film last week, didn’t they?

  He must be in the library, isn’t he?

  13.当陈述部分含有情态动词used to时,疑问部分可用usedn’t或didn’t。如:

  The old man used to smoke, didn’t he?或usedn’t he?

  Tom used to live here, usedn’t he?或didn’t he?

  14. 当陈述部分带有情态动词ought to时,疑问部分用oughtn’t或shouldn’t。如:

  He ought to know the answer, oughtn’t he?

  We ought to read this book, oughtn’t we?或shouldn’t we?

  15.当陈述部分含有had better时,疑问部分用had。

  如:You’d better finish your homework now, hadn’t you?

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