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2015年高考英语语法之​冠词语法归纳

      在2015年各地英语高考的答题技巧中,英语语法的技巧显…

      在2015年各地英语高考的答题技巧中,英语语法的技巧显得尤为重要,而且一些英语基础不是很牢固的同学就很容易在语法的考核中失分。今天,阿卡索外教网的老师就整理了2015年高考英语语法之冠词语法归纳,希望在你对高考英语答题时候有所犹豫的时候做出正确的选择。如果你想了解更多的英语资料,不妨也可以尝试我们的在线英语培训和在线英语阅读吧!

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        冠词分为不定冠词(a, an),定冠词(the),和零冠词。

  I. 不定冠词的用法

  1指一类人或事,相当于a kind ofA plane is a machine that can fly.

  2第一次提及某人某物,非特指A boy is waiting for you.有个男孩在等你。

  3表示“每一”相当于every,oneWe study eight hours a day.

  4表示“相同”相当于the sameWe are nearly of an age.

  5用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或事— Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith?

  —Sorry, wrong number. There isn't______ Mr. Smith here.

  A. 不填B. a  C. theD. one

  That boy is rather a Lei Feng.(活雷锋)

  6用于固定词组中a couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, many
a time

  7用于quite, rather, many, half, what, such之后This room is rather a big
one.

  8用于so(as, too, how)+形容词之后She is as clever a girl as you can wish to
meet.

  9用于抽象名词具体化的名词前success(抽象名词)→a success(具体化) 成功的人或事

  a failure 失败的人或事a shame带来耻辱的人或事

  a pity可惜或遗憾的事a must 必需必备的事

  a good knowledge of 精通掌握某一方面的知识

  II. 定冠词的用法

  1表示某一类人或物In many places in China, ___ bicycle is still ___ popular means of
transportation.

  A. a; theB. /; aC. the; a D. the; the

  2用于世上独一无二的事物名词前the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean

  3表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到过的人或事Would you mind opening the door?

  4用于演奏乐器play the violin, play the guitar

  5用于形容词和分词前表示一类人the reach, the living, the wounded

  6表示“一家人”或“夫妇”(对比上文的不定冠词用法5)—Could you tell me the way to ____ Johnsons,
please?

  —Sorry, we don’t have ____ Johnson here in the village.

  A. the; theB. the; a  C. /; theD. the; /

  7用于序数词和形容词副词比较级最高级前He is the taller of the two children.

  8用于国家党派等以及江河湖海,山川群岛的名词前the United States, the Communist Party of China, the
French

  9用于表示发明物的单数名词前The compass was invented in China.

  10在逢十的复数数词之前,指世纪的某个年代in the 1990’s(二十世纪九十年代)

  11用于表示度量单位的名词前I hired the car by the hour.

  12用于方位名词,身体部位名词He patted me on the shoulder.

  III. 不用冠词(又名零冠词)的用法

  1专有名词,物质名词,抽象名词,人名地名等名词前Beijing University, Jack, China, love, air

  2名词前有this, my, whose, some, no, each, every等限制I want this book, not that
one. /Whose purse is this?

  3季节,月份,星期,节假日,一日三餐前March, Sunday, National Day, spring

  4表示职位,身份,头衔的名词前Lincoln was made President of America.

  5表示球类,棋类等运动的名词前He likes playing football/chess.

  6与by连用表示交通方式的名词前We went right round to the west coast by ______ sea instead
of driving across ______ continent.

  A. the; theB.不填;the C. the; 不填D. 不填;不填

  7以and连接的两个相对的名词并用时husband and wife, knife and fork, day and night

  8表示泛指的复数名词前Horses are useful animals.

 

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