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2015年英语阅读理解主旨解题技巧

       在2015年各地英语高考的答题技巧中,阅读理解主…

       在2015年各地英语高考的答题技巧中,阅读理解主旨显得尤为重要,而且一些英语基础不是很牢固的同学就很容易在阅读理解主旨中失分。今天,阿卡索外教网的老师就整理了2015年英语阅读理解主旨解题技巧,希望在你对高考英语答题时候有所犹豫的时候做出正确的选择。如果你想了解更多的英语资料,不妨也可以尝试我们的在线英语培训和在线英语阅读吧!

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      (一)题型介绍:

  一篇文章一般表达一个中心或主题。这个中心或主题通常用一个句子来概括,此句叫主题句,这类题主要考查读者把握全文内容或理解中心思想的能力,也包括分析归纳文章段落大意、重要情节、人物特征、写作特点的能力。一般说来说明文和议论文都有主题句,而且多位于文章的开头,有时也位于文章的中间或末尾。但有时不能直接在文章中直接找到主题句,在弄清段与段之间逻辑关系的基础上自己归纳总结。主题句必须能简洁明了地概括全文的主要内容,具有高度的综合性和概括性,文章或段落的其他句子都是对主题句的进一步的解释、说明、论证或拓展。

  常见的主旨大意题的考查形式:

  The text is mainly about ____.

  The main idea/The general idea/The main purpose is ______.

  Whats the main point the writer is trying to make in the last
paragraph?

  What would be the best title /headline for the text?

  This article mainly tells about the story of ____.

  What is the topic of the text?

  The subject discussed in this text is ____.

  What does the second paragraph discuss?

  The paragraph (passage) deals with _____.

  What is mainly discussed in the text? (二)主旨大意题解题方法与步骤:

  略读法是理解全文大意的快速而有效的方法,略读的关键是能抓住文章要点的前提下,以个人最快的速度阅读,主要目的是尽快获得足够的信息以便准确的回答问题,利用略读法去做阅读时,要特别注意首尾两段,要学会寻找文章段落的主题句,这是高效省事地抓住段落要点的捷径,同时也是准确理解文章大意的有效途径。在做题时要注意以下步骤:

  1.先看问题,看是否有和主旨相关的题目,了解题目类别和提问方式。

  2.再看文章首尾和各段开头,找出主题句或通过浏览全文,抓住关键字眼,把握主旨。

  3.以掌握主旨为前提,处理推断作者语气或意图等其他深层次问题。

  (三)考题探究

  PITTSBURGH – For most people, snakes seem unpleasant or even threatening.
But Howie Choset sees in their delicate movements a way to save lives.

  The 37-year-old Carnegie Mellon University professor has spent years
developing snake-like robots ,he hopes will eventually slide through fallen
buildings in search of victims trapped after natural disasters or other
emergencies.

  Dan Kara is president of Robotics Trends, a Northboro, Mass.-based company
that publishes an online industry magazine and runs robotics trade shows. He
said there are other snake-like robots being developed, mainly at universities,
but didnt know of one that could climb pipes.

  The Carnegie Mellon machines are designed to carry cameras and electronic
sensors and can be controlled with a joystick(操纵杆). They move smoothly with the
help of small electric motors, or servos, commonly used by hobbyists in model
airplanes.

  Built from lightweight materials, the robots are about the size of a human
arm or smaller. They can sense which way is up, but are only as good as their
human operators, Choset added.

  Sam Stover, a search term manager with the Federal Emergency Management
Agency based in Indiana, said snake-type robots would offer greater mobility
than equipment currently available, such as cameras attached to extendable
roles.

  It just allows us to do something weve not been able to do before, Stover
said, We needed them yesterday.

  He said sniffer dogs are still the best search tool for rescue workers, but
that they can only be used effectively when workers have access to damaged
building.

  Stover, among the rescue workers who handled the aftermath (后果) of
Hurricane Katrina, said snake robots would have helped rescuers search flooded
houses in that disaster.

  Choset said the robots may not be ready for use for another five to ten
years, depending on funding.

  What is the text mainly about?

  A. Snake-like robots used in industries.

  B. Snake-like robots made to aid in rescues.

  C. The development of snake-like robots.

  D. The working principles of snake-like robots.

  学海导航:B  该题是考查文章的主旨大意。文章的第一段只是引出这一话题,第二段才是本文的主题,第二段中提到Choest讲究 snake-like
robots是因为he hopes will eventually slide through fallen buildings in search of
victims trapped after natural disasters or other emergencies,由此可知,Choset
研究蛇形机器人的目的是为了在自然灾害或其他的紧急事故中起作用。

  (四)实例演练

  Everyones at it, even my neighbors. I thought I might be the only person
left in the world who hadn't done an eBay deal. So, I decided to try my hand at
online auction(网上拍卖).

  Buying for beginners: Sign up on www. ehay. co. uk. Most items (e.g.
tables, computers, and books) ready for auction will come with a picture and a
short description; others may be marked with Buy It Now and have a fixed price.
You can buy these right away.

  If the item is being auctioned, you offer the highest price you are
prepared to pay and eBay bids (出价) for you. The bid will be increased little by
little until it goes beyond your highest bid, then you are emailed and asked if
you would like to bid again. Auctions last up to 10days and when they finish you
get an email telling you whether you have won the item.

  How to pay: Sellers decide how they would like to be paid and you need to
check this before placing a bid as you might not want to post a cheque or postal
orders. The easiest way is through PayPal, an online payment system that takes
the money away from your credit card (信用).

  Selling made simple: If you plan to sell on eBay, it helps to include a
picture of the item. I followed my friends' advice and put up the items I wanted
to sell for a 10-day auction, starring on a Thursday. This way buyers had two
weekends to bid.

  The big things in life: It' s easy to post a small item, but furniture is a
big part of eBay and this      has to be collected or sent by deliverymen. Cheek
the ways of delivery before you bid.

  What is the passage mainly about?

  A. How to make payment online.

  B. Ways of making delivery online

  C. Advantages of an online-auction system.

  D. How to use an online-auction system.

  【点津】D本题考察考生对文章主旨要义的理解能力。四个选项均涉及到有关短文内容,但是通过比较其核心概念,会发现A选项为支付首段, B选项为交货方式,
C选项为系统优势,D选项为使用方法。由此可见A、B、C三个选项都只涉及了短文部分内容,不具备概括全篇的作用。D选项包含所有内容,能够全面概括出短文的主旨要义。C选项由于说话方式本身具有概括意味,具有一定的干扰。

本文来自网络,不代表一鸣英语网立场。转载请注明出处: http://www.chinesemfc.org/gzyy/5056/
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