（79MET）. If you don't know the word, why don't you ______in the
（A）look at it （B）look after it （C）look up it （D）look it up
（83MET）.If you are at home this evening, I'll________.
（A）ring you on （B）ring upon you （C）ring to you （D）ring you up
（78MET）.I need a day or two________
（A）to think it over B）to think over it C）of thinking
（95上海）.______ for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so
（A）If it is not （B）Were it not （C）Had it not been （D）If they were not
a.与现在相反：If I were you (=Were I you) , I would go with him.
b.与过去相反：If I had had time then (=Had I had time then), I would have gone
c.与将来相反：If I were to visit/should visit/visited the great Wall tomorrow,
(=Were I to /Should I visit the great Wall tomorrow), I would take my son with
（误）Weren't I here now, I would be in the bus.
（正）Were I not here now, I would be in the bus.
试题选练：（94上海）.______ it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to
the Yangpu Bridge.
（A）Were （B）Should （C）Would （D）Will
_______ your letter, I would have written back two days ago.
（A）If I received （B）Should I receive （C）Had I received （D）If I could have
（91MET）"Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother?" "I don't
（A）nor don't I care （B）nor do I care （C）I don't care neither （D）I don't
析：答案为B。A项多了not，C项、D项分别要改neither、 also 为either。否定词作状语放在句首时要用
倒装句，倒装句只需将情态动词、助动词、系动词be提至主语首即可（见例2）。 实意动词的倒装要在主语前 面加助动词
little/seldom/ scarcely/ barely/ not until/no sooner than/hardly when/not only…b
ut also/at no time/not once/by no means
例：1.Little did Einstein care for money.
2.By no means( Never/At no time) will China be superpowers.
试题选练：（85MET）. "Did you enjoy that trip? " "I'm afraid not. And_______."
（A）my classmates don't either （B）my classmates don't too
（C）neither do my classmates （D）neither did my classmates
（90MET）.Not until I began to work _______how much time I had wasted.
（A）didn't I realize （B）did I realize （C）I didn't realize （D）I realize
（95NMET）.Not until all the fish died in the river ____how serious the
（A）did the villagers realize （B）the villagers realize
（C）the villagers did realize （D）didn't the villagers realize
（91上海）.Not only____ polluted but ____ crowded.
（A）was the city, were the streets （B）the city was, were the streets
（C）was the city, the streets were （D）the city was, the streets were
（94上海）.Little ____ about his own safety, though he was in great danger
（A）does he care （B）did he care （C）he cares （D）he cared
（92上海）. So ______ that no fish can live in it.
（A）the lake is shallow （B）shallow the lake is （C）shallow is the lake （D）is
the lake shallow
So hard does he study that he is sure to succeed.
试题选练：So excited _____ that he couldn't speak a word.
（A）he gets （B）he got （C）does he get （D）did he get