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首页 高中英语 2014年高考英语真题上海卷(主观题部分)及答案解析

2014年高考英语真题上海卷(主观题部分)及答案解析

Section CDirections: Read the passage carefully. Then answer thequestions or compl…

Section C

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Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer thequestions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

Millionsof personal computers across the world are running at this moment, but most areusing just a fraction of their full capacity to process information. Imaginewhat could happen if the spare power of these millions of machines were used tosolve global problems.

The organization Charity Engineattempts to do just that. It enables researchers and companies to use the extracomputing power of thousands of personal computers. These companies pay a usagefee that goes to carefully selected charities.

The computers

Charity Engine offers a free appthat has the user’s computer do research as a background task. The program runsautomatically, without direction from the user. Each computer works on a smallchunk of a larger project and sends back its results. The results are combinedto answer the researchers’ questions.

The researchers

Charity Engine mostly uses itscomputing power for companies doing scientific, medical or commercial research.For example, Rosetta@home attempts to help find cures for serious diseases bydiscovering the shapes of proteins. Another project, Einstein@Home, testsscientific theories. And another helps establishments in Africasuch as universities search for ways to fight the spread of malaria.

The Charities

Charity Engine gives 50 percentof the profits from renting out computing power to various charities. Eachorganization it supports has a good reputation for working in an area of vitalimportance. Most of them seek to address the primary causes of poverty whilebringing short-term relief. These include Oxfam, a network of organizations in94 countries. Another is CARE International, one of the three largestinternational aid agencies, which works in 87 countries. Charity Engine alsosupports Doctors Without Borders, which supplies medical care, and WaterAid,which provides safe water and promotes hygiene(卫生) indeveloping countries. Another of its charities, Sightsavers, works to preventand reverse blindness through medical treatments and provides training for theblind. Charity Engine helps many other organizations as well.

An added bonus

Charity Engine returns the other50 percent of its earnings to the people who made it all possible. The appusers are entered into draws. Chosen at random, the winners receive thousandsof dollars in prizes!

Thanks to Charity Engine,computing power that would have gone to waste is fighting poverty and bringinghealing and hope.

(Note: Answer the questions or completethe statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)

78. What does Charity Engine help companies do?

 ___________________________________________________________________________.

79. How does Charity Engine spend its earnings?

 ___________________________________________________________________________.

80. The computers selected by Charity Engine help researchersand companies through ________.

81. According to the passage,besides many organizations, Charity Engine mostly supports _____.

第二卷

I. Translation(22 分 )

Directions: Translate thefollowing sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1.  孩子们总是对周边的一切都非常好奇。(curious)

2.  她在比赛中表现出色,给评委留下了深刻的印象。(which)

3.  一进学校,她就意外得知有一所名校录取她了。(No sooner…)

4.  奇怪的是,这些年轻人对这些我们都耳熟能详的歌曲却一无所知。(know)

5.  为了纪念这位伟大的宇航员,据说明年将会开拍一部电影让人们了解他的事迹。(memory)

II. Guided Writing

Directions: Write an English compositionin 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

我们国家长期实行独生子女政策,现在政府将放开这一政策,允许夫妻中一方是独生子女的家庭生育第二个孩子,对此你怎么看。请围绕以下几点谈谈你的看法。

l  谈谈你对目前实施的独生子女政策的理解;

l  对未来实施夫妻中一方是独生子女可生育第二个孩子的政策的想法;

l  你对未来中国的人口问题有何期望,简述原因。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

第I卷

第一大题第1至第10小题,每题1分;第11至第16小题,每题2分:第17至第24小题,每题1分。共30分。

1. A   2.D    3.B    4.A   5.B    6.D    7.A   8.C    9.C     10.B

11.C  12.D   13.B  14.C   15.A   16.B

17. conference        18. daylight      19. moving  20. overcrowded

21. implications and conclusions  22. reasoning 23. Figures   24. keep questioning

第二大题每小题1分。共26分。

25. where    26. To earn    27. as soon as / aslong as     28. exhausted    29. if

30. what     31. adapting   32. did     33. an         34. is equipped  35. which

36. myself   37. more appropriate       38. hasforced      39. urging      40. to

41. G  42. C   43.1    44. F  45. E   46. B   47. K  48. J    49. A   50. H

第三大题第51至65小题,每题1分;第“至”小题,每题2分;第78至81小题,每题2分。共47分。

51. C  52. B   53. A   54. D  55. A   56. B   57. C  58. D   59. A   60. C

61. D  62. D   63. B   64. B  65. C   66. D   67. B  68. A   69. A   70. C

71.D  72.B    73.A    74.B   75.A    76.D    77.C

78. shareholders and employees

79. Companies talk to non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and togovernments. / Companies create codes of conduct. / Companies devote themselvesto more transparency in their operations. / Companies set common rules withtheir competitors to spread risks.

80. create value

81. take social responsibilities

                                第II卷

I.翻译共22分。

1. I'm accustomed to listening to some light music before sleep.

2. It's up to you what kind of life you will lead in the future.

3. There is nothing more exciting than being allowed to take partin the space travel program.

4. Parents ask their kids not to play by the river for fear thatsomething terrible might happen.

5. While modern society, rich in material resources, has givenconsumers more choices, it also        turns many of them into crazy shoppers.

II.写作共25分。

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