Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer thequestions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.
Millionsof personal computers across the world are running at this moment, but most areusing just a fraction of their full capacity to process information. Imaginewhat could happen if the spare power of these millions of machines were used tosolve global problems.
The organization Charity Engineattempts to do just that. It enables researchers and companies to use the extracomputing power of thousands of personal computers. These companies pay a usagefee that goes to carefully selected charities.
Charity Engine offers a free appthat has the user’s computer do research as a background task. The program runsautomatically, without direction from the user. Each computer works on a smallchunk of a larger project and sends back its results. The results are combinedto answer the researchers’ questions.
Charity Engine mostly uses itscomputing power for companies doing scientific, medical or commercial research.For example, Rosetta@home attempts to help find cures for serious diseases bydiscovering the shapes of proteins. Another project, Einstein@Home, testsscientific theories. And another helps establishments in Africasuch as universities search for ways to fight the spread of malaria.
Charity Engine gives 50 percentof the profits from renting out computing power to various charities. Eachorganization it supports has a good reputation for working in an area of vitalimportance. Most of them seek to address the primary causes of poverty whilebringing short-term relief. These include Oxfam, a network of organizations in94 countries. Another is CARE International, one of the three largestinternational aid agencies, which works in 87 countries. Charity Engine alsosupports Doctors Without Borders, which supplies medical care, and WaterAid,which provides safe water and promotes hygiene(卫生) indeveloping countries. Another of its charities, Sightsavers, works to preventand reverse blindness through medical treatments and provides training for theblind. Charity Engine helps many other organizations as well.
An added bonus
Charity Engine returns the other50 percent of its earnings to the people who made it all possible. The appusers are entered into draws. Chosen at random, the winners receive thousandsof dollars in prizes!
Thanks to Charity Engine,computing power that would have gone to waste is fighting poverty and bringinghealing and hope.
(Note: Answer the questions or completethe statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)
78. What does Charity Engine help companies do?
79. How does Charity Engine spend its earnings?
80. The computers selected by Charity Engine help researchersand companies through ________.
81. According to the passage,besides many organizations, Charity Engine mostly supports _____.
I. Translation（22 分 ）
Directions: Translate thefollowing sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.
3. 一进学校，她就意外得知有一所名校录取她了。(No sooner…)
II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English compositionin 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
1. A 2.D 3.B 4.A 5.B 6.D 7.A 8.C 9.C 10.B
11.C 12.D 13.B 14.C 15.A 16.B
17. conference 18. daylight 19. moving 20. overcrowded
21. implications and conclusions 22. reasoning 23. Figures 24. keep questioning
25. where 26. To earn 27. as soon as / aslong as 28. exhausted 29. if
30. what 31. adapting 32. did 33. an 34. is equipped 35. which
36. myself 37. more appropriate 38. hasforced 39. urging 40. to
41. G 42. C 43.1 44. F 45. E 46. B 47. K 48. J 49. A 50. H
51. C 52. B 53. A 54. D 55. A 56. B 57. C 58. D 59. A 60. C
61. D 62. D 63. B 64. B 65. C 66. D 67. B 68. A 69. A 70. C
71.D 72.B 73.A 74.B 75.A 76.D 77.C
78. shareholders and employees
79. Companies talk to non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and togovernments. / Companies create codes of conduct. / Companies devote themselvesto more transparency in their operations. / Companies set common rules withtheir competitors to spread risks.
80. create value
81. take social responsibilities
1. I'm accustomed to listening to some light music before sleep.
2. It's up to you what kind of life you will lead in the future.
3. There is nothing more exciting than being allowed to take partin the space travel program.
4. Parents ask their kids not to play by the river for fear thatsomething terrible might happen.
5. While modern society, rich in material resources, has givenconsumers more choices, it also turns many of them into crazy shoppers.