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提高英语发音水平的6种方法

  1. Know your weak areas   1.了解你的薄弱环节   When starting to work on a problem, it is pivotal…

  1. Know your weak areas

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  1.了解你的薄弱环节

  When starting to work on a problem, it is pivotal to have a good
understanding of what the problem actually is. This is especially important when
improving your pronunciation. You have to ask yourself: what sounds do I find
most difficult to pronounce? How am I pronouncing them incorrectly? What is the
correct way to pronounce them? Although each English learner may have their own
individual sounds they find difficult to say, the biggest factor to improving
your English pronunciation is your mother tongue. Think: what sounds does
English have that my mother tongue does not? This is usually what learners find
most difficult. For example:

  当开始着手一个问题时,正确地理解问题的本质是十分关键的。若你想要改善发音时,这一点尤其重要。你要问自己:哪个音我觉得最困难?为什么我不能正确地发音?它们正确的发音方法是什么?尽管每个英语学习者觉得困难的发音各不相同,但是要提高你英语发音的最大要素是你的母语发音。想一想:什么音是英语中有的但我母语中没有的?这通常是学生认为最困难的。例如:

  Arabic speakers: differentiating between the “b” sound and the “p”
sound

  说阿拉伯语的人:区分“B”音和“P”音

  Korean/Japanese speakers: differentiating between the “r” and “l” sound

  •说韩语/日语的人:区分“r”音和“l”音

  Spanish speakers: pronouncing “v” and “th”

  •说西班牙语的人:区分“v”音和“th”音

  These are just some of the common difficulties that English learners who
have different mother tongues face. So before going any further in improving
your pronunciation, remember to ask these questions and pinpoint the exact
issues that you face.

  以上这些只是那些母语不同的英语学习者面临的一些常见困难。所以在进一步了解如何改善你的发音之前,记得要问自己这些问题并精确地找到你所面临的具体问题。

  2. Pay attention to your mouth and tongue

  2.注意你的嘴型和舌头

  The human mouth and tongue can make a number of sounds, but what students
often forget is that even little changes and movements of your tongue or mouth
can drastically change the way you speak a language! Take a moment to feel the
way your tongue moves when you speak a sentence. How is your mouth shaped when
you say “the”? What about “very”? Ask yourself, “How should my mouth be shaped?
Where should my tongue be when I say these words?” This is where English
teachers in particular can help you because they are trained in understanding
the way English sounds are made in the mouth and properly articulated. When
talking to a native English speaker, simply ask them to tell you where their
tongue is positioned in their mouth when they pronounce a particularly difficult
word!

  人类的口腔和舌头可以发出很多的声音,但学生往往忘记的是,即便你舌头或者嘴巴一个微乎极微的变化和动作也可以彻底改变你说一门语言的方式。当你说一句话的时候,花点时间去感受你舌头是如何运动的?当你说“the”的时候,嘴型是什么样子的?说“very”时又是怎么样的?问问自己,我的嘴巴应该作哪种形状?我说这些单词时,舌头又应该放在哪里?这一方面英语教师尤其能帮得上忙,因为他们都受过训练,理解英语的发音方式并能恰当地模仿。当与一个母语是英语的人交流时,让他们告诉你当他们发音一个特别难的单词时,他们的舌头是放在哪个位置的。

  For instance, speakers of Indian languages such as Hindi or Tamil often
pronounce the “t” sound with the tongue slightly more inward and sometimes even
more curled backwards than English speakers. This causes it to sound subtly
different than when a native English speaker pronounces the letter “t”. Asking
an English speaker to slowly articulate a word in front of you, such as
“tractor,” while also slightly emphasising their tongue and mouth movements will
help you to understand how to correctly pronounce particular sounds in a more
effective and visual manner. Give it a try next time!

  例如,说印度语的人,如北印度语和泰米尔语中发“T”音时往往舌头向内微卷,有时候甚至比说英语的人向内卷的更厉害。这导致它听起来与母语是英语的人发音的“t”略有不同。请一个英语说得地道的人在你面前慢慢地、清楚地说一个单词,比如“tractor”,同时稍微强调他们舌头和嘴巴的动作将以一个更有效,更直观的方式帮助你了解正确地发出特定的声音。下一次试试看!

  3. Record yourself

  3.给自己录音

  Sometimes you have to face reality: you don't know exactly what areas of
your pronunciation you need to improve. What if you don't have a native English
speaking friend or teacher to constantly correct you? The best strategy here is
to record yourself! Find or write a passage, then record yourself speaking it in
the most natural and comfortable way for you. Post it or email it to your
English teacher or English speaking friend. Or even place it on any language
learning community (such as italki)! Here you'll find plenty of people happy to
point out some areas of weakness on which to focus. This way you can also get
advice from multiple people who can help pinpoint the sounds and words to
concentrate on and to make your English sound more natural and native.

  有时候你不得不面对现实:你不知道你的发音中到底哪一部分需要改进。如果你没有一个母语是英语的朋友或老师不断地纠正你要怎么办?在这里,最好的策略是给自己录音!查找或写一段话,然后以一个最自然、最舒适的方式念出来并录音下来。发贴或邮件给你的英语老师或者说英语的朋友,甚至可以把它放在任何语言学习社区(例如italki)!在这里,你会发现很多人乐于指出薄弱环节以便关注。通过这种方式,你还可以从不同的人那里得到建议,他们能够精确地定位哪些音和单词需要注意,使得你的英语发音更加自然、地道。

  If you are up to the challenge and at an advanced level in English, why not
try a tongue twister? See what others think of your speaking and pronunciation
skills! Write yourself a self-introduction or a short passage, then record
yourself reading it aloud! This way you are practicing your writing and speaking
skills!

  如果你喜欢挑战并且英语水平处于高阶阶段,为什么不试试绕口令?看看别人对你的口语和发音技巧有何想法!写一篇自我介绍或一篇短文,然后在大声朗读时录音下来!这样一举两得,你同时练习了自己的写作和口语技能!

  Sometimes listening to a recording of yourself speaking English can be a
way for you to find your own mistakes too! When we speak, what other people hear
and what you hear yourself can often be slightly different. This is where
recording yourself can help you find areas of concern that you can work on with
your teacher or independently.

  有时侯听录音中自己说英语的方式也可以为你找到自己的错误!当我们说话时,别人听到的和你听自己说往往略有不同。为自己录音能帮你找到关注点方便你找老师共同处理或者自己独立解决。

  4. Be aware of different English accents!

  4.注意不同的英语口音!

  English, as in most other languages, has numerous different regional
accents as most of you probably know. As a teacher I find the two most
significant accent students learn English from are the American and British
accents. Although English can be understand mutually between all accents, if you
are trying to sound PARTICULARLY more like a native English speaker, you'll have
to realize that native speakers all have their own specific accents. For
instance the pronunciation of simple words such as “car” can be different
between American and British accents.

  英语,与其他大多数语言一样,有许多不同的地方口音,大部分你可能都知道。作为一名教师,我发现两类口音最显著的学生学的是美式口音和英式口音。尽管所有的英语口音之间都相通,如果你希望自己的口音更地道,你必须认识到母语是英语的人也都有自己特殊的口音。例如一些简单的单词发音,例如“car”的发音在美音和英音中就不同。

  When trying to improve your pronunciation ensure that you are aware of the
differences in English accents. Also make sure you are focusing only on one
accent. This way it will be easier to effectively improve your pronunciation and
mimic sounds.

  当你想要改善自己的发音,确保知道不同英语口音中的差异。另外,务必保证你只专注于一种口音。这样会更容易、更有效地提高你的发音和模仿的声音。

  5. SLOW. DOWN.

  放慢语速

  A weakness that almost all language learners have had at one point
(including me), is trying to speak fast to sound like a native. Almost all
language teachers, and not only English teachers, will tell you that this is an
especially bad habit to have if you are looking to improve your pronunciation.
Native speakers are able to speak fast because words naturally come out of their
mouth with correct pronunciation. However, as English learners this is almost
never the case. Speaking fast doesn't give you enough time to articulate words
correctly (especially difficult words), and contrary to common belief, this will
make you sound less like a native English speaker! Slow and articulated speaking
always beats fast and muffled speaking; for native English speakers this is also
true.

  几乎所有的语言学习者在某个时点都有一个弱点(包括我在内),就是试图说得很快让人听起来像是在说母语。几乎所有的语言教师、不仅仅是英语教师都会告诉你,这是一个非常不好的习惯,特别在你试想改善自己的发音的时候。说母语是能够说得快,因为话能脱口而出,发音也不会错。然而,作为英语学习者,这几乎是不可能的。说得快不能给你足够的时间来清楚地发音(特别是比较难的单词)。与一般看法相反,这会让你听起来更不像是一个母语是英语的人!放慢语速、清楚地发音,永远好过快速但听不清楚的演说,对于母语是英语的人来说也是如此。

  Try to say a sentence a third of your normal talking speed and just focus
on the sounds and words you pronounce. If you ask your English teacher to listen
to you, pronunciation mistakes will probably start to become more apparent, and
he or she can accurately tell you which words you need to improve on. In the
long run, when you are able to effectively grasp English pronunciation, speaking
faster will become easier and more natural. However even as advanced or
near-fluent English speakers, speaking slowly carries less risk when trying to
sound appropriate with correct pronunciation.

  试着以你平常三分之一的语速来说一句话,只专注于声音和你发声的单词。如果叫你的英语老师来听,发音上的错误可能会开始变得更加明显,他或她可以准确地告诉你需要改进哪些词。从长期来看,当你能够有效地掌握英语发音,语速变快会更加容易、也更自然。然而,即使是高阶水平或者口语十分流利的人,说得慢一点带来的风险更小。

  6. Perfect pronunciation is not important!

  6.完美的发音并不重要!

  I've told almost every single one of my students the same thing: “sounding
like a native” should never be a goal for most English learners, even for
advanced level students! It's true that often times having a perfect or near
perfect pronunciation benefits you in work environments and leaves a favourable
impression on employers, but if you're learning English to improve social
networks, talk with friends, or to simply communicate with others, there is no
need to sound perfect! As long as your pronunciation doesn't inhibit the way
others understand the meaning of your speech, you should not be spending hours
and hours trying to perfect it!

  我几乎跟我所有的学生说过同样的事情:“听起来像在说母语”不应该是大多数英语学习者的一个目标,即使是高阶水平的学生!通常有一个完美或近乎完美的发音对你的工作有益,并给雇主留下一个良好的印象,这是真的,但如果你学习英语是为了扩大社交圈子,与朋友交谈,或简单地与人沟通,发音没有必要做到完美无瑕!只要你的发音不妨碍其他人理解你说话的意思,你不应该花费大量的时间去完善它!

  Sometimes, no matter how hard you try and how much time you spend, your
vocal morphology will still create obstacles for you. The structure of one's
throat and mouth plays a crucial role in enunciating subtle sounds found in the
English language. Often times this acts as an obstacle to sounding 100% like a
native English speaker, so there's no point in fretting about it! For some
learners, pronunciation may be one of the hardest parts of English; for others
it may be considerably easier.

  有时候,不管你多么努力尝试、花多少时间,你的声带形态仍然会为你带来障碍。据研究一个人的咽部和口腔结构在清楚发一些细微声音的时候起了至关重要的作用。很多时候它就像你做到百分百完美发音路上的一个阻碍,所以没有必要为它烦恼!对于一些学生来说,发音可能是英语学习中最难的一部分;对其他人来说可能又是相当容易。

  This is why improving your pronunciation, especially at a high level in
English, is a gradual process. Most English learners who have finally reached a
level at which they can't be differentiated between native speakers have spent
years or a considerable amount of time in an English speaking country immersed
in the foreign language. The fact of the matter is, such a high goal like this
can rarely be achieved in a non-English speaking environment!

  这就是为什么提高你的发音,特别是已经处于较高水平时,是一个渐进的过程。那些最终到达一个水平,即让人无法区分他们和母语是英语的人,的英语学习者,都是用了数年时间或花了相当长的时间呆在一个英语国家并沉浸在外语中。事实的真相是,像这样如此高的目标,很少能在非英语环境中实现!

  以上就总结这么多,想要获取更多的英语学习资料,可以关注阿卡索外教网的官网,也可以去相应的在线英语学习网站上多了解一下。

本文来自网络,不代表一鸣英语网立场。转载请注明出处: http://www.chinesemfc.org/ljc/yyfy/2982/
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