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音标和美式发音之间的联系

       首先,应当说国际音标是英语中的“普通话”读法了,但是殊不知英语的国际英标和美式英语口语发音有很大的关联。今…

       首先,应当说国际音标是英语中的“普通话”读法了,但是殊不知英语的国际英标和美式英语口语发音有很大的关联。今天,阿卡索外教网的老师就为大家揭示国际英标与美式英语发音的内在关联。

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       一 、第一步:元音

  1、4个双元音

  美语音标最大的区别在于其中的元音,过去学过的元音是单元音,但美语中所学的是双元音

  1){e}-{ei}

  age, game, day

  sentence: More haste, less speed.欲速则不达

  第一步把每个音发准

  第二步加上声调

  练习: It’s pay day today 今天是发工资的日子

  2){o}-{ou}结尾停在u

  boat, note, so

  美语发音的特点:尽量在口腔的后部把音发出来。

  sentence: I hope so.

  练习:He posed for a group of photo with his old fellows.

  注:美语中常常对a和the进行变音,目的是为了强调

  eg:

  This is the best opportunity we ever have to enter the market.

  3) {a}-{ai}

  bike, mine, flight

  this bike of mine

  sentence: All right.

  注:all不要卷舌

  练习:Out of sight, out of mind 眼不见,心不烦

  4) how

  out, now about

  sentence: Let’ s get out of here.

  It’s kind of tough.

  It’s kind of torture to read mathematics everyday.

  练习: This is out-and-out power politics. 这是彻头彻尾的强权政治

  2、2个后元音

  1){半圆两点}

  发音技巧:尽量往最里吞这个音

  not, bottle, hot, job, hospital

  sentence: It’s a promise.

  练习:little red lorry 红色小卡车

  2){u}

  good ,book, should

  sentence: She’s looking at a good book.

  更多例子: new  student  attitude  due

  I am for this position.

  3、辅音t的发音

  writer, letter, better, city,

  发音变化一:浊化

  浊化原则1:t处在非重读音节要浊化

  如:writer, letter, better, city,

  浊化原则2:t处在重读音节不能浊化

  如:Italian, attack, atomic, Latino, photographer

  浊化对比:

  Italy, attic(阁楼)

  atom(原子), Latin, photograph

  发音变化二:t在词组中的发音变化:

  练习:pick it up

  I got it.

  right away

  发音变化三:t发音的特殊情况:

  当t发的很快,就会变成n的音

  internet

  interview

  interesting

  representative

  发音变化四:失去爆破

  right now, just now

  发音变化五:t的音从鼻子里出来(美音,英音都有的一种特殊情况)

  Britain, mountain, fountain

  4、r的发音

  1)r在单词中的发音

  练习: Rolly rolled a round roll around the road.

  spare, burglar, dirty, porch, more

  2)r带动后面元音的发音

  world  girl  pearl

  The girls are the pearls in the world.

  原则:只有字母r存在才能卷舌

  经常发错的音:China, America, idea

  二、美语中的变音现象

  1、 连读

  1) 相同辅音的连读

  bad dog

  注意:不可以把音节给吞掉,只是这个音节不发音

  like candy

  ripe pear

  some money

  The report turned out to be totally false.这份报告完全是一派胡言。

  2) 辅音+元音

  It’s easy. Where’s our car? Come on in. What time is it now?

  Figure it out. for example

  中高级口译中常常出现的连读词汇: of all ages

  crude oil

  a couple of

  travel agency

  your own

  our own

  set in motion

  3) 元音+元音

  be on time

  注:元音i后面再跟一个元音,两个元音间要加入一个“耶”的音

  stay up

  flow out

  注:元音o后面再跟一个元音,两个元音间要加入一个“我”的音

  grow up

  She works day in and day out.

  连读小结:

  相同辅音的连读

  辅音+元音的连读

  元音+元音的连读

  2、失爆(吞读)

  两个爆破音连接在一起时出现失爆(吞读)

  什么是爆破音:p, b, k, g, t, d

  六个爆破音任何一个后面紧接着另一个爆破音或摩擦音或鼻音时,前一个爆破音将失去爆破。

  lap top

  great deal

  good time

  the Red Cross

  a fast train

  a big change

  currently

  probably

  say it proudly and loudly

  at last

  3、缩读

  and---n: Do you know Nancy and David? Tom and Jerry

  are you---ya: Ya going to the movie tonight? What ya doing here?

  缩读的原则:

  1、 绝对不会是重点音节,不可以重读

  2、 只能出现在非正式场合

  do you----dy’a : how dy’a feel now? How dy’a like the movie?

  did you---dja: how dja make it?

  because—cause: I don’t like her cause she’s mean

  could have—could’a : you could’a hurt yourself. (should ,would same)

  could not have---couldn’a He couldn’a done that.

  can---cn: I can be there in an hour.

  I can do a lot of things that other people can not do it.

  give me : Gimme that!

  going to ---gonna. Want to ---Wanna

  got to---gotta: I gotta see him right now.

  he---e : Who’s he?

  her---er: This is her husband

  him---im: Tell him the story.

  of---o:

  He’s sort of a strange. ---He’s sorta strange.

  It ‘s kind of a tough. ---It’s kinda tough.

  probably---prob’ly: He’ll prob’ly come for dinner.
currently---curren’ly

  sure----sher. Sher, I want some bread.

  what if----wud if : What if we went to the movie? (what if 句型要掌握)

  what are you----wacha doin now?

  you----ya: Catch ya later. See you later.

       看了上面的英语音标知识,相信大家一定惊讶小小的音标却有这么多大知识!如果你想学习更多更好的英语,不妨尝试一下我们的在线英语培训模式,只要轻触鼠标并插上耳机,就能轻松在家学习英语口语!只要在页面右边的窗口填写自己的联系方式,我们的课程顾问就会马上联系你。

本文来自网络,不代表一鸣英语网立场。转载请注明出处: http://www.chinesemfc.org/ljc/yyyb/2698/
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