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形容词和副词的比较级形式

  形容词和副词的比较主要有三种形式,即:原级、比较级和最高级。本期主要讲解原级和比较级的以下几种用法:   1. 原级常用于“as +形容词/副词原级+ as”或“not as …

  形容词和副词的比较主要有三种形式,即:原级、比较级和最高级。本期主要讲解原级和比较级的以下几种用法:

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  1. 原级常用于“as +形容词/副词原级+ as”或“not as / so +形容词/副词原级+
as”结构。该结构常用来表示“和……一样……”或“不像……那样……”。如:

  Some of their states are as big as France.

  Kevin likes Lily as much as he likes his sister.

  Hank is not as / so experienced as you think.

  Susan does not play as / so well as her brother.

  2. 比较级常用于“形容词/副词比较级+ than”结构。该结构常用来表示“……比……更……”。如:

  He finds English is more difficult than math.

  Older people may drive less rapidly than younger people.

  3. 比较级也可用于“the +比较级+……, the +比较级+……”结构。该结构常用来表示“越……,就越……”。如:

  The warmer the weather is, the better she feels.

  4. 表语中比较两个形容词时,不管形容词有多少音节,皆须用“more A than B”结构,意为“与其说是B,不如说是A”。如:

  She was more worried than angry when her son did not come home as
usual.

  5. 副词比较级还可用于more and more结构。如:

  It rained more and more heavily.

  She went farther and farther away.

  6. 形容词或副词的比较级可用于以下结构来表达倍数:

  ①倍数+ as +形容词/副词原级+ as ...。如:

  The newly-built railway is three times as long as that one.

  ②倍数+形容词/副词比较级+ than ...。如:

  The newly-built railway is three times longer than that one.

  ③倍数+ the +名词(如:size, height, weight, length, width等)+ of ...。如:

  The newly-built railway is three times the length of that one.

  注意:在形容词和副词比较级前可用even, much, rather, far, still, any, a lot, a bit, a little
等修饰。

  【拓展】

  1. “no +比较级+ than”和“not +比较级+ than”的区别:

  “no +比较级+ than”结构表示对两个比较对象都进行否定(可用neither ... nor ...结构来改写);“not +比较级+
than”结构表示在程度上前者不如后者。如:

  This room is no bigger than that one.

  =Neither this room nor that room is big.

  This room is not bigger than that one.

  =This room is smaller than that one.

  2. 表示“最高级含义”的比较级结构:

  ①“比较级+ than any other ...”意为“比其他任何一个……都……”。如:

  Ivan is taller than any other student in his class.

  ②not, never之类的否定词与比较级连用也可表示最高级含义,意为“再没有比……更……的了”。如:

  I have never watched a better film.

  【即学即练】用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。

  1. The new group of students is better-behaved than the other group who
stayed here ________ (early).

  2. This room is almost three times ________ (big) than that one, and Mike
likes it ________ (much).

  3. Of the two coats, Wendy will choose the ________ (cheap) one to save
some money for a book.

  4. Justin runs much ________ (fast) than any other student in his
class.

  5. The ________ (hard) Laura works, the ________ (happy) she feels.

  6. This novel is not so ________ (interesting) as the one I read last
time.

  答案在图片后边。

  答案

  【即学即练】

  1. earlier       2. bigger; better           3. cheaper

  4. faster        5. harder; happier        6. interesting

  以上就总结这么多,想要获取更多的资料,可以关注我们阿卡索外教网的官网,也可以去相应的在线英语学习网站上多了。

本文来自网络,不代表一鸣英语网立场。转载请注明出处: http://www.chinesemfc.org/ljc/yyyf/2420/
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