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连词应该这么用!

  Conjunction Use  连词用法  1. 和我不一样,她对英语很精通。  Incorrect: D…

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  Conjunction Use

  连词用法

  1. 和我不一样,她对英语很精通。

  Incorrect: Different from me, she is
proficient in English.

  Correct: Unlike me, she is proficient in
English.

  2. 莫妮卡,借我点钱吧,比方说500美元。

  Incorrect: Lend me some money, for instance
500 dollars, Monika.

  Correct: Lend me some money, say 500 dollars,
Monika.

  3. 去年夏天我本想去欧洲,但费用太高于是放弃了。

  Incorrect: I wanted to go to Europe last
summer, but it was too expensive so I gave up to go.

  Correct: I wanted to go to Europe last
summer, but it was too expensive so I gave up the idea.

  4. 我就是这样做的。

  Incorrect: This is the way how I did
it.

  Correct: This is how I did it. or This is the
way I did it.

  5. 我来这儿的路上遇到了交通事故,所以迟到了。

  Incorrect: There was a traffic accident on my
way here. It is why I was late.

  Correct: There was a traffic accident on my
way here. That is why I was late.

  6. 他们不理解我的想法。

  Incorrect: They didn't understand my
mind.

  Correct: They didn't understand what I was
thinking.

  7. 无论是他们还是我都不对这个错误负责。

  Incorrect: Neither they nor I are to blame
for this mistake.

  Correct: Neither they nor I am to blame for
this mistake.

  连词before的奇葩用法

  Before用作连词本意是“在……之前”。其实它引导状语从句时,不同语境下常引申为不同的含义。

  1.表示“……才”,强调某事发生得晚或慢。

  The American Civil War lasted four years
_______ the North won in the end.(广东)

  A. after B. before C. when D. then

  解析:答案为B。本句含义“美国南北战争持续了四年,北方才最终取得胜利”,可知本题应选B。

  2.
表示“……还没来得及……就……”。强调从句动作发生之前,主句动作已发生。

  —Why didn't you tell him about the meeting?
(四川卷)

  — He rushed out of the room _________ I could
say a word.

  A. before B. until C. when D.
after

  解析:答案为A。句意是“我还没来得及说一句话,他就冲出了房间”。

  3. 用于句型“It will/would be some time
before…”句型中,表示“要过多久才…”;

  其否定形式“It won't/wouldn't be some time
before…”表示“过不了多久就……”。

  

  The field research will take Joan and Paul
about five months; it will be a long time _____ we meet them
again.(安徽卷)

  A. after B. before C. since D.
when

  —How long do you think it will be ______China
sends a manned spaceship to the moon? (2006福建)

  —Perhaps two or three years.

  A. when B. until C. that D. before

  It ______ long before we _____ the result of
the experiment.( 上海)

  A. will not be…will know B. is…will
know

  C. will not be…know D. is…know

  解析:前两个考题before 用于“It will be some time
before…”句型,表示“要过多久…才…”。

  考题3
before在本题中用于否定句,意为“过不了多久就会……”,再由状语从句要用一般现在时的用法可知C项为正确答案,句意是:要不了多久我们就会知道试验的结果了。

  4. 用于句型 “it was some time before …”
表示 “过了(多长时间)才……”。其否定形式“ it was not some time before …”
意为“没过多长时间就……”。

  It was some time ___________we realized the
truth. (山东)

  A. when B. until C. since D.
before

  解析:答案为D。题意是“过了一段时间我们才意识到事情的真相”。

  5.
和hardly连用,表示“刚一……就……”。该结构主句常用过去完成时,当hardly位于句首时,要用倒装语序.

  I had hardly sat down before/when the
telephone rang.

  Hardly had I sat down before/when the
telephone rang.

  我刚一坐下电话就响了。

  6. 和其它相似句型的区别

  1)“It is/has been some time
since sb. did…”表示“自从某人做某事已经有多长时间了”。

  2)“It be +时间点 +
when引导的时间状语从句”表示“某个动作发生时,是某个时间”。主句谓语动词可以是一般过去时,也可以是一般将来时。

  It is almost five years we saw each other
last time. (北京)

  A. before B. since C. after D.
when

  — Did Jack come back early last night?
(福建)

  — Yes. It was not yet eight o’ clock ______
he arrived home.

  A. before B. when C. that D. until

  解析:答案为BB。考题(1)句意是“自从上次我们见面以来已经近五年没有见了”,故选择答案B。考题(2)句意是“他昨晚回家时还不到8点”,故选择答案B。

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