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感恩节的背后真的都是感恩吗?

       提到感恩节,你的脑子里会浮现什么?喷香的火鸡…

       提到感恩节,你的脑子里会浮现什么?喷香的火鸡,家人的团聚,加上一颗感恩的心?其实感恩节远不止暖心的故事,它背后隐藏的印第安人的悲苦遭遇,却鲜为人知。在殖民历史的移民国家,如何纪念过去总是充满复杂矛盾的议题。

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  This week, across the Pacific, Americans are busy polishing off slices of
turkey and pie, as part of the annual Thanksgiving holiday.

  本周,太平洋彼岸的美国人正在热火朝天地烤火鸡和馅饼,这是他们每年感恩节的一部分。

  When the fourth Thursday in November rolls around, Americans gather around
their dinner tables, appetites in tow, to re-live the 1621 Plymouth feast. It’s
a celebration of the country’s Pilgrim ancestors, who escaped religious
persecution in England by sailing to Plymouth.

  每年11月的第四个星期四,美国人都会团聚一堂,带着满满的食欲坐在餐桌边,重温1621年普利茅斯的盛宴。这是清教徒祖先流传下来的庆典,当年他们为了逃离英国的宗教迫害,远渡重洋来到了普利茅斯。

  The first Thanksgiving is depicted as a rosy affair: grateful Pilgrims
break bread with their newfound Native American friends. But there’s renewed
interest in muddying this tidy narrative. After all, colonization didn’t end so
cheerily for Native Americans.

  第一个感恩节被描绘成美好的事件:心存感激的清教徒和他们新发现的印第安朋友一起用餐。不过现在有人燃起了搅乱这种共识的兴趣。毕竟,对印第安人而言,殖民并不是在愉快的氛围中结束的。

  The character of Squanto, for instance, is portrayed in Thanksgiving
stories as a kind-hearted indigenous translator who shared helpful farming tips
with the Europeans. But what most stories fail to mention is how bleak Squanto’s
life really was.

  以斯匡托这个人物为例,在有关感恩节的故事里,他常被描述为热心的土著翻译,他和欧洲移民分享有用的农业小窍门。但大多数的故事并没有提及斯匡托真实的悲惨人生。

  Europeans had previously captured Squanto and forced him into slavery.
That’s how he was able to speak English when the Pilgrims arrived. The arrival
of European diseases also left Squanto without a home. His community of Patuxet
had all but died out.

  欧洲人早前就俘虏了斯匡托,逼迫他成为奴隶。这就是为什么当英国清教徒到达普利茅斯时,他就能说英语了。欧洲传来的疾病也让斯匡托失去了家人。他所在的帕丢赛特部落几近灭绝。

  The reaction against Thanksgiving–as a sanitized, European-focused holiday
– started decades and decades ago. Native American groups have been celebrating
“Un-Thanksgiving” since the 1970s. The celebration started as a protest to
protect indigenous rights.

  几十年前,反对感恩节的活动就开始了,这个节日被认为是使同化的,以欧洲人为中心的。从20世纪70年代开始,印第安人开始庆祝“非感恩节”。这个节日最早是保护美洲原住民权利的一项抗议。

  But this year, mainstream media organizations like Buzzfeed and the
National Geographic Channel are confronting the myths surrounding Thanksgiving.
The four-hour Saints & Strangers miniseries is National Geographic’s attempt
to go “beyond the familiar historical account of Thanksgiving”.

  不过今年,主流媒体,如新闻聚合网站Buzzfeed和国家地理频道都在和感恩节神话进行对垒。国家地理频道推出的四小时迷你剧《圣徒与陌生人》就试图“颠覆大家熟悉的感恩节演变史”。

  “So many people celebrate Thanksgiving every year, but I think most people
have no idea what the story is behind it,” Saints & Strangers star Kalani
Queypo told Indian Country Today.

  《圣徒与陌生人》的主演盖拉尼•奎珀告诉印第安国度每日媒体网络:“每年都有很多人庆祝感恩节,但我认为大部分人都不知道它背后的故事。”

  Thanksgiving isn’t the only holiday to be criticized for its simplistic
depiction of colonialism. Columbus Day, the October holiday that celebrates
explorer Christopher Columbus, is also coming under fire.

  因为简化对殖民主义的描述而被诟病的节日不仅只有感恩节。每年10月纪念探险家克里斯托佛•哥伦布的哥伦布日也饱受争议。

  Columbus is famous for “discovering” the New World. But historical
documents show that he helped expand the slave trade to the Caribbean by using
violence against thenative people.

  哥伦布以“发现”新大陆而闻名。不过历史资料记载他是武力镇压原住民,将奴隶贸易扩展到哥伦比亚地区的帮凶。

  Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Missoula, Montana, marked 2015 by replacing
Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day. Even the Los Angeles city council
considered dumping Columbus Day this year, according to the Los Angeles
Times.

  密歇根州的安娜堡市和蒙大纳州的米拉苏市在2015年以土著人民日取代了哥伦比亚日。据《洛杉矶时报》报道,就连洛杉矶市议会都考虑过取消今年的哥伦比亚日。

  “Los Angeles is the most culturally diverse city in the United States, and
we must find a way to honor the profound sacrifices made by countless tribal
members through the centuries,” city council member Mitch O’Farrell told the
newspaper.

  市议会成员米奇•奥法雷尔告诉《洛杉矶时报》:“洛杉矶是全美城市中文化最多元的,我们必须找到方法纪念几百年来为我们的国家做出重大牺牲的部落同胞。”

  Some other countries are also questioning how to remember their colonial
past. On May 26, Australia observes National Sorry Day, which commemorates the
aboriginal children who were taken from their homes to be “re-educated” with
Western culture.

  还有一些国家也在争论该如何纪念它们的被殖民岁月。5月26日,澳大利亚庆祝了国家道歉日,纪念那些被迫离开家人,接受西方文化再教育的土著儿童。

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本文来自网络,不代表一鸣英语网立场。转载请注明出处: http://www.chinesemfc.org/syyy/jryy/14403/
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