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       Singapore has the world's best infrastructure, according to asurvey of 221
cities by consulting firm Mercer released Tuesday, using measures such as
traffic congestion, availability of flightsfrom local airports, quality of
public transportation andavailability of water. The Southeast Asian city-state
beat its closecompetitor, Hong Kong, which came in sixth in the world
forinfrastructure. Ranking second and third were Frankfurt and Munich,
respectively, which functionas aviation hubs in Europe similar to Singapore's
role in Asia, followed by Copenhagen in Denmarkand another German city,


  On the other end, Dhaka in Bangladesh was deemed to have the poorest
infrastructure in Asia, according to Mercer's survey, coming in at 205, behind
Yangon, Myanmar, and Phnom Penh, Cambodia, which also ranked poorly at 180 and
194, respectively. Port-au-Prince in Haiti wasplaced as the worst in the world
for infrastructure.


  For the second year in a row, Mercer ranked Singapore as the Asian city
with the highest quality oflife, followed by four Japanese cities: Tokyo, Kobe,
Yokohama and Osaka. World-wide, though, Singapore was ranked 25th, with Vienna
taking the top spot. The results take into accounteverything from the political
and social environment of a city to the standard of schools and theavailability
of a range of consumer goods. Health considerations, including air pollution,
come intoplay as well — a reason why Hong Kong is ranked 70th on Mercer's list,
between Prague in theCzech Republic and Detroit, Michigan.


  The consultancy rates the quality of life in 220 cities against New York,
which ranks 47th and ishome the headquarters of Mercer's parent company, Marsh
& McLennan Cos. Quality of life brokendown into categories like law
enforcement, crime, political stability, the availability of consumergoods and
the like is compared city-to-city between New York and other cities across the

  美世以纽约为标杆给220个城市的生活质量进行打分。纽约在美世的名单上排名第47位,它也是美世的母公司威达信集团(Marsh &

  Cities in Australia and New Zealand ranked as some of the most desirable
places to live and work, with Auckland ranked third in the world for quality of
life behind Vienna and Zurich. Australian citiesSydney, Melbourne and Perth, as
well as Toronto and Berlin, all ranked higher than Singapore foroverall quality
of life, taking into account climate and the socio-cultural environment,
includingcensorship and social freedom.


  In Southeast Asia, cities like Yangon and Jakarta find themselves inching
up ever so slightly. Yangon was ranked 195th for quality of life out of 221
cities, and Jakarta ranked 138, comparedwith 196 and 140 in 2011. Mercer remains
optimistic that many of these Asian cities will continuemaking improvements on
infrastructure–aided, of course, by unprecedented foreign investmentcoming in
to the country–and will grow more desirable to expatriates looking for
opportunitiesoutside their home countries.


  Mercer's surveys are designed to help multinational firms decide how to
compensate theiremployees when they go on overseas postings. In the case of
cities ranked poorly, 'companiesneed to provide adequate allowances to
compensate their international workers for these andother hardships,' according
to Slagin Parakatil, a senior researcher at Mercer. However, the cost ofliving
in some of the top-ranked cities are among the highest in the world.



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